Whole genomes redefine the mutational landscape of pancreatic cancer.


Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most lethal of malignancies and a major health burden. We performed whole-genome sequencing and copy number variation (CNV) analysis of 100 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs). Chromosomal rearrangements leading to gene disruption were prevalent, affecting genes known to be important in pancreatic cancer (TP53, SMAD4, CDKN2A, ARID1A and ROBO2) and new candidate drivers of pancreatic carcinogenesis (KDM6A and PREX2). Patterns of structural variation (variation in chromosomal structure) classified PDACs into 4 subtypes with potential clinical utility: the subtypes were termed stable, locally rearranged, scattered and unstable. A significant proportion harboured focal amplifications, many of which contained druggable oncogenes (ERBB2, MET, FGFR1, CDK6, PIK3R3 and PIK3CA), but at low individual patient prevalence. Genomic instability co-segregated with inactivation of DNA maintenance genes (BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2) and a mutational signature of DNA damage repair deficiency. Of 8 patients who received platinum therapy, 4 of 5 individuals with these measures of defective DNA maintenance responded.


Biankin AV, Johns AL, Mawson A, Chang DK, Scarlett CJ, Brancato MA, Rowe SJ, Simpson SH, Martyn-Smith M, Thomas MT, Chantrill LA, Chin VT, Chou A, Cowley MJ, Humphris JL, Jones MD, Mead RS, Nagrial AM, Pajic M, Pettit J, Pinese M, Rooman I, Wu J, Tao J, DiPietro R, Watson C, Steinmann A, Ching Lee H, Wong R, Pinho AV, Giry-Laterriere M, Daly RJ, Musgrove EA, Sutherland RL, Grimmond SM, Waddell N, Kassahn KS, Miller DK, Wilson PJ, Patch AM, Song S, Harliwong I, Idrisoglu S, Nourse C, Nourbakhsh E, Manning S, Wani S, Gongora M, Anderson M,Holmes O, Leonard C, Taylor D, Wood S, Xu C, Nones K, Fink JL, Christ A, Bruxner T, Cloonan N, Newell F, Pearson JV, Bailey P, Quinn M,Nagaraj S, Kazakoff S, Waddell N, Krisnan K, Quek K, Wood D, Fadlullah MZ, Samra JS, Gill AJ, Pavlakis N, Guminski A, Toon C, Asghari R,Merrett ND, Pavey D, Das A, Cosman PH, Ismail K, O’Connnor C, Lam VW, McLeod D, Pleass HC, Richardson A, James V, Kench JG, Cooper CL,Joseph D, Sandroussi C, Crawford M, Gallagher J, Texler M, Forest C, Laycock A, Epari KP, Ballal M, Fletcher DR, Mukhedkar S, Spry NA, DeBoer B, Chai M, Zeps N, Beilin M, Feeney K, Nguyen NQ, Ruszkiewicz AR, Worthley C, Tan CP, Debrencini T, Chen J, Brooke-Smith ME, Papangelis V,Tang H, Barbour AP, Clouston AD, Martin P, O’Rourke TJ, Chiang A, Fawcett JW, Slater K, Yeung S, Hatzifotis M, Hodgkinson P, Christophi C,Nikfarjam M, Mountain A, Eshleman JR, Hruban RH, Maitra A, Iacobuzio-Donahue CA, Schulick RD, Wolfgang CL, Morgan RA, Hodgin M, Scarpa A,Lawlor RT, Beghelli S, Corbo V, Scardoni M, Bassi C, Tempero MA, Biankin AV, Grimmond SM, Chang DK, Musgrove EA, Jones MD, Nourse C,Jamieson NB, Graham JS, Biankin AV, Chang DK, Jamieson NB, Graham JS, Oien K, Hair J.


PMID: 25719666 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID:PMC4523082